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Electoral Commission

Composition

Article 119(1) of the Constitution stipulates that the president of Zanzibar has the power to appoint the Chairperson of the Commission and other members of the Commission as specified by the Act of the House of Representatives.

The Composition of the New Commission in 2004, as per the 8th and 9th Constitutional amendments, is as follows:

  • The Chairman who is a Judge in the High Court of any Commonwealth Country or a respected person in society.
  • Two Commissioners appointed by the President, with the recommendation of the leader of government activities in the House of Representatives. The leader of government activities is the Zanzibar Chief Minister.
  • Two Commissioners appointed by the President with the recommendation of the leader of the opposition in the House of Representatives.
  • One Commissioner from among the Judges of the High Court or Court of appeal.
  • One Commissioner appointed by the President as he sees fit.


The members of the ZEC may only be removed if a Special Commission, appointed by the President, recommends a commissioner's removal, and then only if the commissioner is unable to perform the functions allocated or for misconduct (Constitution 1984, Article 119(5)-(8)).

Term of Office

The term of office is 5 years (Constitution 1984, Article 119(4)(a)).

Director of Elections

The Director of Elections assists the ZEC in the planning and execution of its policies (Constitution 1984, Article 119(9); Election Act 1984, 7). The current Director is Salum K Ali.

Autonomy

The ZEC is not obliged to take instructions from any external body (Constitution 1984, 119(13)).

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