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Independent Electoral Commission

Composition

The Electoral Commission consists of a Chairperson and not more than four other members appointed by the President of the Republic, subject to ratification by the National Assembly (Electoral Commission Act 1996, 4(2),(3)). Commissioners may be removed by the President if they are declared insane or bankrupt (Electoral Commission Act 1996, 5(3)).

Term of Office

Commissioners are appointed for a term of office not exceeding seven years. Their terms may be renewed, and the  renewals do not require the ratification of the National Assembly (Electoral Commission Act 1996, 5(1)).

Functions

The ECZ has been allocated the following functions (Constitution 1996, 76(1)):

  • To supervise voter registration.
  • To conduct parliamentary and presidential elections.
  • To delimit constituencies.

Further duties allocated by legislation are (Referendum Act 1967, 4; Local Government Act 1991, 3):

  • To supervise referenda.
  • To conduct and supervise the local government elections.

The Directorate

The Director is appointed by the ECZ and acts as its executive arm. The Directorate is tasked with the management and administration of the ECZ and implementation of its decisions (Electoral Commission Act 1996, 12).

Funding

The ECZ is funded by parliamentary appropriations and donations (Electoral Commission Act 1996, 13(1)).

Autonomy

In the performance of its functions, the ECZ shall not be subject to the control or direction of an person or authority (Electoral Act NO 12 of 2006). The Constitution (Article 76) also provides that the ECZ is an autonomous and independent institution.

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