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ECO Mauritius

The EMB is composed of three units that are established under sections 38 and 40 of the Constitution. These are the Electoral Supervisory Commission (ESC); the Electoral Boundaries Commission (EBC); and the Electoral Commissioner (EC).
The EBC consists of a chairperson and between two and seven other members. The Commissioners are appointed by the President after consultation with the Prime Minister, Leader of the Opposition and leaders of other parties in the Assembly.
The ESC has the same number of members who are also appointed in the same manner as members of the EBC. In practice the personnel for the two bodies is the same. Members of both the EBC and ESC are appointed for a five-year term. The law does not expressly guarantee the independence of these two bodies, but in practice, they have enjoyed independence and command respect from all stakeholders.
The EC is appointed by the Judicial and Legal Service Commission and is a public officer. The Constitution however provides that the EC shall not be subject to the direction and control of any person or authority in the exercise of his powers and functions. The Electoral Commissioner is assisted in his task by a Chief Electoral Officer, a Deputy Chief Electoral Officer, two Principal Electoral Officers, two Senior Electoral Officers, ten Electoral Officers and other junior staff.
The ten Electoral Officers are responsible for the 21 Constituencies of Mauritius for which they act as Registration Officers.
The Commissions do not have the power to hire their own staff.
The functions of the ESC are:

  • Supervision and registration of voters;
  • Conduct of elections;
  • Advise Parliament on proposed laws in the area of elections;
  • Report to Parliament.

The EBC’s function is to delimit constituencies.
The functions of the EC are:

  • He/she is both a registration and returning officer in an electoral area;
  • Ensure the preparation of the voters’ register; and
  • Conduct elections.

The EC is required to keep the ESC fully informed concerning the exercise of his/her functions and has the right to attend meetings of the ESC. The EC is also required to refer to the ESC for its advice or decisions questions relating to his/her functions.

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